Lower Back Pain: Check, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention

Lower Back Pain: Lower Back is the lumbar region of your spine which starts after the end of the rib cage and extends up to the centre of the hip joint. Almost everyone experiences lower back pain in their life and it can usually go away on its own. It usually occurs in people after the age of 30 years because the discs which are present between each vertebrae start degenerating with age.  Before the age of 30, a sedentary lifestyle can cause lower back pain.

On the off chance that your agony doesn’t disappear on its own then you should visit your PCP as there might be some basic issue or confusion which is causing the aggravation. Lower back pain is characterized by numbness or weakness, pain when sitting for an extended period of time, and pain that radiates to one or both legs. Lower back agony can analyzed by finding the reason for the condition which can shift in various people. The treatment of lower back torment is for the most part centered around the reason and expects to treat it. The treatment plan is tailored to each person’s specific requirements.


Lower Back Pain

Lower Back Agony alludes to torment what begins in the Lumbar locale of your spine and its encompassing muscles and tissues. Anyone can experience this, but older patients are more likely to do so. This condition, which can also cause severe discomfort, may have a negative impact on the patient’s quality of life. Torment while plunking down or getting up from a situated position, transmitting torment, and different side effects are normal indications of lower back torment.

The patient finds it difficult to carry out their day-to-day activities as a result of these symptoms. If these symptoms are not treated early, they may worsen over time and cause additional issues. It is difficult to pinpoint the cause of lower back pain due to the numerous systemic and mechanical factors that influence its proper function. However, the condition can be diagnosed with the help of a few diagnostic tests. The article beneath will give you every one of the subtleties connected with Lower Back Pain, its side effects, potential causes, symptomatic tests, treatment conventions and preventive measures.

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Lower Back Pain Details

Article Name Lower Back Pain
Lower Back Pain Click Here
Category Health

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Symptoms of Lower Back Pain

Patients with lower back pain may experience a variety of symptoms that interfere with their daily activities. Below are a few of the most common signs and symptoms of Lower Back Pain.

  1. Dull throbbing torment which perseveres for over seven days
  2. The spine is typically affected by pain.
  3. Your legs, feet, and buttocks can all be affected by pain.
  4. Sensation of numbness and tingling in the regions where the pain originates
  5. Worsening of pain after prolonged sitting
  6. Worsening of pain after getting up from a position of prolonged sitting
  7. After getting up from a lying position, stiffness in the back
  8. Lack of bowel or bladder control
  9. Fever & chills
  10. Severe pain in your abdomen
  11. Unexplained weight loss
  12. Acute or intermittent pain that gets worse over time

Although they may vary from patient to patient, these symptoms are typically present in patients. In a large portion of the cases, the aggravation grows steadily and gradually and demolishes over the long haul. This indicates that the patient only becomes aware of a problem after it has progressed beyond its initial stages.

Causes Of Lower Back Pain

There are many circumstances which can prompt a beginning of Lower Back Pain. A mechanical problem or an injury to soft tissue is the most common cause. The causes can be divided into two groups based on when they first appear: acute and chronic.

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Acute Causes

Muscle Strain

When the muscles surrounding the lumbar spine are stretched too much, they tear, resulting in this condition. This can happen because of abrupt and sharp developments, lifting weighty articles and Sports wounds.

Ligament Sprain

The ligaments that connect one bone to the other become stretched and tear in this condition. This can happen when you move suddenly and put pressure on your spine, lift a heavy object with bad posture, or have bad posture for a long time.

Muscle Strain

When the muscles surrounding the lumbar spine are stretched too much, they tear, resulting in this condition. This can happen because of abrupt and sharp developments, lifting weighty articles and Sports wounds.

Ligament Sprain

The ligaments that connect one bone to the other become stretched and tear in this condition. This can happen if you move quickly and put pressure on your spine, lift something heavy with bad posture, or have bad posture for a long time.

Chronic Causes

Disc Herniation

The circle which is available between two vertebrae is a jam like design which goes about as a safeguard. This disc can occasionally deviate from its normal position and impinge on a nerve root, resulting in nerve root inflammation. This causes severe pain in the impingement area and along the nerve’s distribution.

Disc Degeneration

The circle can begin declining once again time as it loses its hydration with age. The disc is unable to withstand the forces and may even tear, causing severe pain in the area.

Facet Joint Dysfunction

Behind the disc, there are two facet joints that move with every movement of the spine. Facet joint pain or pain in the disc can result from these joints not working properly.

Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

The sacrum and pelvis are connected by the Sacroiliac Joint. Shock absorption is provided by this joint, which is extremely robust. On the off chance that there is any irritation around here, it can prompt Lower Back Pain and loss of development in the joint.


This happens when there is harm to the circle and the feature joints because of mileage. It may cause stenosis, pain, inflammation, instability, and inflammation. It can happen at various marks of the spine over the long haul. Spondylosis is another name for it.

Spinal Stenosis

When the nerve roots become irritated and the spinal canal becomes narrow, this condition develops.


The vertebrae may slip over the vertebrae that are next to them, impinging on the nerve roots. It can likewise prompt shakiness toward the back.


Lower Back Pain can result from any kind of trauma to the back. Typically, this kind of pain occurs following an accident or a fall.


Lower Back Pain can be caused by a variety of spine deformities, both acquired and congenital. Scoliosis, kyphosis, and Lordosis are examples.

Compression Fracture

This condition occurs when the vertebrae collapse into themselves because they are unable to withstand the forces. The pain is sudden and sharp from this. It is for the most part found in the older and in patients of Osteoporosis.

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Diagnosis Of Lower Back Pain

An early and accurate diagnosis can help significantly in the management of the symptoms of Lower Back Pain and to completely cure it. The diagnosis is made by using the following tests.

Patient History

Your doctor will first take a detailed history about your symptoms, when did they start, which factors trigger them and which factors calm them, your sleeping habits, any recent injuries and how long have you had your symptoms for.

Physical Examination

The affected area will first be examined by your doctor for any swelling, abnormalities in the joints, or tenderness. After that, they’ll check the range of motion of the joints that are affected and related to it to see if the positions and patterns of pain are present. After that, your doctor will test your reflexes to see how much damage has been done to the nerve roots.

Nerve Studies

Your doctor will examine your nervous system to see how quickly your nerves can transmit information. A pin prick test, light touch, and other tests might be part of this.

Imaging Tests

In order to locate the affected area and examine the affected structures, your doctor will perform an X-ray, CT scan, or MRI scan. They will be able to assess the extent of damage to the affected area and its surrounding structures with the assistance of this.

Leg Raise Test

The patient is asked to slowly raise one leg as high as possible while lying down for this test. The specialist notes down the place where the side effects start. They can now pinpoint the root of their Lower Back Pain thanks to this.

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Treatment of Lower Back Pain

The treatment of Lower Back Pain is by and large arranged in three structures Moderate treatment, Exercise based recuperation and Careful Mediations. In chronic cases or those that do not respond to the other two protocols, surgical interventions are used in addition to conservative treatment and physical therapy.


Lower Back Pain is most commonly treated with the following medications.


The pain is alleviated by these medications, which include NSAIDs like Naproxen sodium and Ibuprofen. They obstruct the nerves that transmit pain sensation to the brain..

Topical Painkillers

Creams, patches, ointments, and salves are all examples of these medications. Through the skin, these release chemicals that reduce pain.


Opioid medications like oxycodone and hydrocodone can be given to people for shorter periods of time..


Antidepressants, for example, Duloxetine, amitriptyline have shown guarantee in the help of Constant Lower Back Pain.

Muscle Relaxants

When muscle strain is suspected, muscle relaxants are prescribed. They might prompt wooziness and lethargy in the patient after delayed use.

Prevention of Lower Back Pain

There are numerous methods for preventing Lower Back Pain. The following is a list of common ways to avoid lower back pain.

Regular Exercise

Regular exercise can help you maintain your overall health and muscle strength. Any muscle strains or sprains caused by sudden movements will be prevented by this.

Improve Muscle Strength

Build up your abdominal muscles and work on your muscle strength so that these muscles can share the work with the back muscles.

Maintain A Healthy Body Weight

Overweight people put too much stress on their backs, which can cause many deformities and Lower Back Pain.

Quit Smoking And Drinking

Drinking and smoking both raise the likelihood of Lower Back Pain. You can improve your overall health and lower your risk of Lower Back Pain by reducing the number of cigarettes and drinks you smoke and drink each day.

Improve Your Posture

The development of lower back pain can also be averted by practicing good posture. Because of this, the back muscles are less stressed and are able to distribute the forces more evenly.

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Lower Back Pain FAQ’S

Is gas able to cause back pain?

Yes. Gas torment in the stomach might be felt in the upper back, and gas torment in the midsection might be felt in the lower back. Our digestive systems produce some gas, which many people experience up to 20 times per day.

What causes females with lower back pain?

The muscles in the back and the spine are put under too much stress by bad posture, which can cause pain and discomfort. Ladies are particularly defenseless to unfortunate stance because of variables like wearing high heels or conveying weighty satchels.

How can I tell if the pain in my lower back is serious?

Assuming that the agony endures a month or longer. if the pain continues to get worse over time. if you are experiencing additional symptoms like a fever, significant weight loss or gain, limb function loss or weakness, bladder issues, etc.

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